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HTML Text Formatting

    HTML contains several elements for defining text with a special meaning. Example This text is bold This text is italic This is subscript and superscript HTML Formatting Elements Formatting elements were designed to display special types of text: <b> - Bold text <strong> - Important text <i> - Italic text <em> - Emphasized text <mark> - Marked text <small> - Smaller text <del> - Deleted text <ins> - Inserted text <sub> - Subscript text <sup> - Superscript text HTML <b> and <strong> Elements The HTML <b> element defines bold text, without any extra importance. Example < b > This text is bold < /b > The HTML <strong> element defines text with strong importance. The content inside is typically displayed in bold. Example < strong > This text is important ! < /strong > ADVERTISEMENT HTML <i> and <em
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HTML Styles

    The HTM L style attribute is used to add styles to an element, such as color, font, size, and more. Example I am Red I am Blue I am Big The HTML Style Attribute Setting the style of an HTML element, can be done with the style attribute. The HTML style attribute has the following syntax: < tagname style =" property : value; " > The property is a CSS property. The value is a CSS value. You will learn more about CSS later in this tutorial. Background Color The CSS background-color property defines the background color for an HTML element. Example Set the background color for a page to powderblue: < body style ="background-color:powderblue;" > < h1 > This is a heading < /h1 > < p > This is a paragraph. < /p > < /body > Example Set background color for two different elements : < body > < h1 style ="background-color:powderblue;" > This is a headi

HTML Paragraphs

    A paragraph always starts on a new line, and is usually a block of text. HTML Paragraphs The HTML <p> element defines a paragraph. A paragraph always starts on a new line, and browsers automatically add some white space (a margin) before and after a paragraph. Example < p > This is a paragraph. < /p > < p > This is another paragraph. < /p > HTML Display You cannot be sure how HTML will be displayed. Large or small screens, and resized windows will create different results. With HTML, you cannot change the display by adding extra spaces or extra lines in your HTML code. The browser will automatically remove any extra spaces and lines when the page is displayed: Example < p > This paragraph contains a lot of lines in the source code, but the browser ignores it. < /p > < p > This paragraph contains         a lot of spaces in the source         code, but the        browser ignores it. < /p > HTM

HTML Headings

    HTML headings are titles or subtitles that you want to display on a webpage. Example Heading 1 Heading 2 Heading 3 Heading 4 Heading 5 Heading 6 HTML Headings HTML headings are defined with the <h1> to <h6> tags. <h1> defines the most important heading. <h6> defines the least important heading. Example < h1 > Heading 1 < /h1 > < h2 > Heading 2 < /h2 > < h3 > Heading 3 < /h3 > < h4 > Heading 4 < /h4 > < h5 > Heading 5 < /h 05 > < h6 > Heading 6 < /h6 > Note: Browsers automatically add some white space (a margin) before and after a heading. Headings Are Important Search engines use the headings to index the structure and content of your web pages. Users often skim a page by its headings. It is important to use headings to show the document structure. <h1> headings should be used for main headings, followed by <h2> headings, then the les

HTML Attributes

  HTML attributes provide additional information about HTML elements. HTML Attributes All HTML elements can have attributes Attributes provide additional information about elements Attributes are always specified in the start tag Attributes usually come in name/value pairs like: name="value" The href Attribute The <a> tag defines a hyperlink. The href attribute specifies the URL of the page the link goes to: Example < a href ="https://www.w3schools.com" > Visit W3Schools < /a > You will learn more about links in our HTML Links chapter . The src Attribute The <img> tag is used to embed an image in an HTML page . The src attribute specifies the path to the image to be displayed: Example < img src ="img_girl.jpg" > There are two ways to specify the URL in the src attribute: 1. Absolute URL - Links to an external image that is hosted on another website. Example: src="https://www.w3scho

HTML Elements

    An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag. HTML Elements The HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag: < tagname > Content goes here... < /tagname > Examples of some HTML elements: < h1 > My First Heading < /h1 > < p > My first paragraph. < /p > Start tag Element content End tag <h1> My First Heading </h1> <p> My first paragraph. </p> <br> none none Note: Some HTML elements have no content (like the <br> element). These elements are called empty elements. Empty elements do not have an end tag! Nested HTML Elements HTML elements can be nested (this means that elements can contain other elements). All HTML documents consist of nested HTML elements. The following example contains four HTML elements ( <html> , <body> , <h1> and <p> ): Example < !DOCTYPE html > < htm

HTML Basic Examples

In this chapter we will show some basic HTML examples.   Don't worry if we use tags you have not learned about yet. HTML Documents All HTML documents must start with a document type declaration: <!DOCTYPE html> . The HTML document itself begins with <html> and ends with </html> . The visible part of the HTML document is between <body> and </body> .  Example < !DOCTYPE html > < html > < body > < h1 > My First Heading < /h1 > < p > My first paragraph. < /p > < /body > < /html >   The <!DOCTYPE> Declaration The <!DOCTYPE> declaration represents the document type, and helps browsers to display web pages correctly. It must only appear once, at the top of the page (before any HTML tags). The <!DOCTYPE> declaration is not case sensitive. The <!DOCTYPE> declaration for HTML5 is: < !DOCTYPE html >   HTML Headings HTML headings are defined with the <